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Loss and Damage - Adverse Impact of Climate Change

It has been two years since COP10, and COP11 (the eleventh meeting of the Conference of the Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity) took place in Hyderabad, India from 8 to 19 October this year. There were discussions on the strategic plan for the next decade for the Convention on Biological Diversity towards the "Aichi targets"(*1), and each party formulated or revised its national strategy for biodiversity based on the targets. This month we hear from Cristi Nozawa who is actively involved in biodiversity conservation.
Cristi Marie C. Nozawa
Cristi Marie C. Nozawa
Regional Director, BirdLife International (Asia)

Represents BirdLife International on the Management Committee of the East Asia Australasia Flyway Partnership. Serves as a member of the IUCN WCPA Executive Committee and continues to support work for protected areas as the Director for Asia of Birdlife International since 2007. Holds a postgraduate degree on Rural Resources and Environmental Policy from the University of London.

Related Link:
BirdLife International
Email: cristi.nozawa@birdlife.org

October 2012

CBD COP11: 
- Challenges and Expectations -

Cristi Marie C. Nozawa
Regional Director,
BirdLife International (Asia)

Two Years after COP10

--It's been two years since COP10. Do you see any major progress over the last year on conservation for biodiversity and ecosystem services?

Nozawa:
There have been relatively clear indications from countries that they need to be looking at biodiversity more broadly and how this fits into development. There also has been a clear focus on the Aichi targets and how to meet these. It is too early to see any major progress. A big accomplishment though is the synergies being worked on together with the other global conventions. At least, across the conventions, there is a better appreciation and more efforts being made to achieve co-benefits (*2)
.

Good Practice for Protection of Biodiversity by Business Sectors

--From the point of view of someone who lives in the midst of a modern economic life, do you know any good examples from the business sector which tackle the protection of biodiversity, and please could you explain their concrete measures?

Nozawa:
In modern life, there are still few links to biodiversity conservation. However, the best example of the business sector tackling biodiversity is perhaps the tourist industry because of the general trend of promoting conservation of water. I am aware of three good examples of corporations seriously addressing biodiversity conservation. One is  the GODREJ Group in Mumbai which has elected to set aside and not develop a substantial area of mangrove forest in the midst of the bustling commercial city of Mumbai . Considering the high value of land in this city, their setting this aside for conservation and education is very exemplary. Another example would be Rio Tinto and their business principle of net positive impact on biodiversity which they encourage their business units to comply with. The third example is in Japan, where RICOH Company, Ltd. perhaps has the best support for biodiversity conservation to the tropical forests and this is because of their long-term support for conserving forest areas in the tropics. It is not a large amount of money but such long-term support is rare and important. Biodiversity conservation rarely happens in a few years.

COP11 Hyderabad, India

--What are your hopes for the result of COP11?

Nozawa:
I am hoping that at COP11, the profile of the importance of marine biodiversity and ecosystems will be raised. I do hope the issue of ABNJ or areas beyond national jurisdictions is not trapped in bureaucratic and political squabbling between nations. I also hope that developed countries will commit real resources to support developing countries bear the bulk of the burden of conserving biodiversity. Similarly, I hope this COP will also encourage national governments to set aside sufficient resources from their national budgets for biodiversity conservation. And lastly, I hope we do not go back on the commitments and agreements made on access and benefit sharing of biodiversity and ecosystems services.


--Thank you very much.

---------------
*1:The Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity, in 2010 in Nagoya, Japan, adopted the Strategic Plan for Biodiversity 2011-2020 with the purpose of inspiring broad-based action in support of biodiversity over the next decade by all countries and stakeholders. In recognition of the urgent need for action the United Nations General Assembly has also declared 2011-2020 as the United Nations Decade for Biodiversity. (Source(PDF))
*2:Development is a priority matter for developing countries. To address climate change effectively, it is vital to align climate and development policies. The Co-benefits Approach means integrated efforts to address climate change mitigation concerns, while meeting development needs in developing countries. (Source: Co-benefits Approach Web site)


About "Monthly Asian Focus: Observations on Sustainability"

Until 2010, IGES released "Top News on the Environment in Asia" on a yearly basis. For over 12 years since its establishment of IGES in 1998, "Top News" collected and organised information about environmental issues and policy trends in the region.

In January 2011, IGES launched the new web-based series "Monthly Asian Focus: Observations on Sustainability" in which leading environmental experts deliver their take on latest trends of sustainable Asia.

 

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