Overview of FAIRDO
At present, significant efforts to address pollution from radioactive materials have been conducted in nuclear disaster-affected areas. Under the Act on Special Measures concerning handling of radioactive pollution emitted following the nuclear power station accident caused by the Great East Japan Earthquake on 11 March 2011 (‘the Act on Special Measures’) and the ‘Vision for Revitalization in Fukushima Prefecture’, it is crucial to bring together wisdom from Japan and abroad, and make every effort to carry out decontamination, consistent with the current status and issues at decontamination sites.
IGES has been addressing these issues with the launch of the Fukushima Action Research on Effective Decontamination Operation (‘FAIRDO’) in 2012, forming an interdisciplinary team with researchers in and outside Japan.
FAIRDO aims to gain a sufficient understanding of the current status and issues at decontamination sites, drawing on international experience and knowledge, and making practical recommendations. It also intends to disseminate to and share the research findings with the international community.
There are three research components of FAIRDO, namely: effective governance on decontamination, development of decontamination plans that reflect local conditions, and communication that promotes collaboration with local residents.
The current situation shows that multi-stakeholders, including central government, prefectural governments, municipalities (cities, towns and villages) and communities, have all been involved in decontamination.
FAIRDO aims to conduct research on and analysis of several issues: the roles and responsibilities among key stakeholders; financial mechanisms at each level of radioactivity monitoring; development of decontamination plans, coordination, implementation and ex-post assessment; information flow; and effective use of human capital including experts, as well as making a comparison of governance systems on decontamination in Europe and Japan. It also intends to make recommendations for a more adequate decision-making process and for effective governance on decontamination, including relevant laws and regulations.
Decontamination is currently being conducted, based on the Act on Special Measures, which became fully effective in the beginning of 2012.
FAIRDO aims to make recommendations for the most effective strategies for decontamination, based on experiences gained from Europe and looking at estimates according to existing European models on decontamination. It also intends to identify the factors necessary to apply optimal decontamination models, based on Real-time Online Decision Support System for nuclear emergency management (‘RODOS’) and European approach to nuclear and radiological emergency management and rehabilitation strategies (‘EURANOS’), to the current situation in Fukushima.
FAIRDO aims to observe and analyse the current risk communication on decontamination at selected research sites, and then carry out a comparative analysis of its risk communication among municipalities and between lessons learnt in Europe and Japan. It also attempts to put risk communication into practice at the local level, if close coordination on risk communication can be identified at the research sites.