Sustainable Consumption and Production
IGES-CCET facilitates waste management policy dialogue with the Mayor of Hayama and the delegates from Maldives and Myanmar
A study tour on zero waste policy was conducted on 20 July 2018 by IGES Centre Collaborating with UNEP on Environmental Technologies (CCET) in connection to ISAP2018, inviting delegates from Maldives and Myanmar. MEE and MONREC have both been working with CCET for the development of national (MONREC) and regional (MEE) waste management strategies. The tour was aimed at stimulating policy discussion towards implementation of the developed strategies in respective countries, and was designed to draw on lessons from Hayama’s Zero Waste policy which occupies the core of its waste management policy, as well as rigorous efforts by the town hall to translate the philosophy into tangible changes on the ground through implementation.
Mr. Ali Amir, Deputy Minister of Environment and Energy (MEE), Maldives and Ms. Khin Thida Tin, Director of Environmental Conservation Department, Ministry of National Resources and Environmental Conservation (MONREC), Myanmar, joined Director of CCET, Mr. Kazunobu Onogawa and other IGES researchers for discussions with Mr. Takahito Yamanashi, the Mayor of Hayama Town, staff of relevant departments at Hayama Town Hall, and the representatives of citizens groups and waste management companies who kindly shared their experience.
Hayama Town initiated it zero waste policy in 2008 as a countermeasure to its previous waste management model which relied on a deteriorating incinerator and cost-intensive waste treatment by neighbouring municipalities. Since then, the town’s waste management service has undergone various changes, guided by its Zero Waste strategy and four principles – Local, Low Tech, Low Cost and Low Impact (4Ls): sub-division of waste separation categories (currently 22), change in frequency of waste collection service, introduction of door-to-door collection, optimizing recyclable waste collection points, and promotion of home-scale composting for decentralized treatment of organic waste, among others. As a result, the recycling rate of the town gradually increased to reach 43.8% in 2017, while also reducing the amount of waste to be incinerated and landfilled.
Mayor Yamanashi elaborated on the importance of evidence-based policymaking and repeated social experiments for determining workable solutions, introduction of economic instruments for promoting recycling, as well as the strong partnership and coordination among citizens, waste management/recycling companies and the town hall which were the driving force behind the success of the initiative. The group also discussed how such visions and pioneering practices can be tailored and brought into other countries/region taking into account their unique local conditions.
|Date||20 July 2018|
|Venue||Hayama Town Hall|
|Languages||English and Japanese|
|Number of Participants||8|
|Theme||Waste management, zero waste policy, public participation, stakeholder cooperation|